By Shreshtha Sane
Kargil War was an armed conflict between Indian and Pakistani forces. It took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and along the Line of Control. The cause of the war was a series of past events that worsened, the already existing Indo-Pak deteriorated relations. The Shimla Agreement signed by India and Pakistan in 1972 states that "in Jammu and Kashmir, the Line of Control resulting from the cease-fire of December 17, 1971, shall be respected by both sides without prejudice to the recognized position of either side. Both sides refrain from the threat of use of force in violation of this Line." In Indian history Kargil will be remembered for 1999 tragedy. Actually 2,000 terrorists illegally occupied the Kargil and developed the temporary forts at important areas. Indian army came to know all this in May 1999. To remove these terrorists India army started ‘Operation Flush Out‘ after which Air-force followed with ‘Operation Vijay‘. Air-force destroyed the important coverings of terrorists with bombarding. The took three months to finish this operation. India succesfully regained most of the intruded territory and was also succesful in pushing back both pakistani and pakistani based millitants back on the other side of LoC. Pakistani soldiers and Pakistan backed militants got into areas on the Indian side of the Line of Control (LoC) to occupy military posts vacated in the winter. India responded by launching a military and diplomatic offensive to drive out the Pakistani forces. The Indian Army launched a number of patrols to the area to estimate the extent of the infiltration. The Indian Army recaptured majority of the positions on the Indian side of the LOC with the help of the US within two months of the conflict according to official count, an estimated 75%–80% of the intruded area and nearly all high ground was back under Indian while Pakistan lost all control over the Kargil area due to orders to withdraw from the Kargil area. Fearing large-scale increase in seriousness in the military conflict, the international community, led by the United States, increased diplomatic pressure on Pakistan to withdraw forces from remaining Indian territory. The Pakistani casualties in the war were around 4000 while the Indian casualties during the conflict stood at more than 587 soldiers. Pakistan tried to internationalize this issue but the patience of India made everybody in the word to criticize Pakistan and appreciate India. Ultimately Indian soldiers eradicated the Pakistani terrorists from our sacred earth. This episode stimulated the people of India and they helped the government in all respects. This spread-ed the feeling of patriotism all over India as India has once again proved that he can maintain the oneness of the country at any cost.
The Kargil War memorial, built by the Indian Army, is located in Dras, in the foothills of the Tololing Hill. The memorial, located about 5 km from the city centre across the Tiger Hill, commemorates the martyrs of the Kargil War. A poem "Pushp Kii Abhilasha" (Wish of a Flower) by Makhanlal Chaturvedi, a renowned 20th century neo-romantic Hindi poet, is inscribed on the gateway of the memorial greets visitors. The names of the soldiers who lost their lives in the War are inscribed on the Memorial Wall and can be read by visitors. A museum attached to the Kargil War Memorial, which was established to celebrate the victory of 'Operation Vijay', houses pictures of Indian soldiers, archives of important war documents and recordings, Pakistani war equipments and gear, and official emblems of the Army from the Kargil war. A giant national flag, weighing 15 kg was hoisted at the Kargil war memorial to commemorate the 13th anniversary of India's victory in the war. (Credits Wikipedia)